Heart Failure Risk Factors
The more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing heart failure. The main risk factors for heart failure are:
- Coronary artery disease (blockage of arteries) and past heart attacks, which may weaken the heart muscle, are the most common causes.
- High blood pressure. Good blood pressure control can prevent heart failure.
- Valvular heart disease (bad valves). Leaky or tight heart valves may lead to heart weakening.
- Heart rhythm disorders, such as atrial fibrillation.
- Drugs such as chemotherapy medicines, alcohol or illegal drugs may cause heart failure. All patients with heart failure must abstain from alcohol and illegal drug use.
- Diabetes. Maintaining sugar control decreases risk.
- Obesity. Maintaining a healthy weight decreases risk.
- Genetic (family-related) factors may play a role.
- A virus can sometimes cause heart failure.