Distorted, budging or enlarged veins that most commonly appearing in the legs and feet due to the pressure of walking and standing, the force of gravity, as well as the task of carrying blood from the bottom of the body up to the heart. Caused by weak or damaged valves in the veins, any vein may become varicose.
Varicose veins and the smaller version called spider veins can be unsightly and can cause aching pain, throbbing or cramping, tenderness or warmth to the touch, swelling or an itchy, burning rash. In severe cases varicose veins can lead to more serious health problems such as sores or skin ulcers, bleeding and blood clots, including deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
Varicose veins cannot be prevented, although the risk can be reduced by regular exercise, leg elevation when resting, a low-salt diet rich in high-fiber foods, avoiding sitting or standing for long periods of time, avoiding high heel shoes and not crossing the legs for a long time when sitting.
Treatment includes compression stockings, sclerotherapy (a chemical injected into the vein by a doctor), surface laser treatments and surgery.
Learn about Vein & Laser Center Services